Document Type : Original Research Article
Guilan Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Department, Rasht
Rudbar, located in the south of Gilan, on both sides of the Sefid-rud River, is a mountainous and one of the ancient regions dating back to at least 200,000 years ago. The artifacts obtained from Darband- Rashi Cave, Marlik Hill, Caluraz, Halimehjan, etc. indicate the existence of ancient civilizations in this region, each of which has its own cultural characteristics. Shemam is one of the old villages with a rich cultural history in the highlands of South Rostamabad. The first archeological excavations in this village were carried out under the supervision of Shahidzadeh in 1970 and a big cemetery belonging to the Parthian period was discovered with slum graves. During the earthquake of 1989, this village was severely damaged and the people living there moved to the lower part and Rostamabad. In recent years, people have resumed building houses on their ancestral estates. During these constructions and the statue, which is accompanied by the supervision of cultural heritage experts of Gilan province, traces of a hand-made structure appeared. Therefore, the construction work was stopped and after issuing a permit from the Cultural Heritage Research Institute of the country, number 4002867, in summer 2021, speculation was made in this area under the supervision of Solmaz Raof. This structure is most likely a grain storage pit dug in the heart of the limestone bed. The wall inside the structure is covered with mud and the floor is covered with beaten mud. Other cultural data obtained from this excavation include pottery pieces. According to comparative study and comparison, most of these pieces are related to the Parthian period.
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