Archeological Excavations at Tol-e Sangi in Fars Province, Iran

Document Type : Note and Archaeological Reports


1 PhD in Archaeology, independent researcher

2 Pasargadae World Heritage Center


Development of the pottery-making technology in Neolithic societies of different regions, or transition from aceramic to Ceramic Neolithic has always been an important topic of research for archaeologists. Needless to say, this innovation was associated with major social developments. Since the 1950s, a lot of discussion has evolved around the origins of Neolithic societies and their development (e.g. Vanden Berghe, 1951-1952: 54; 1953-1954; Fukai et al., 1973; Sumner, 1972; 1977; Maeda, 1986; Alizadeh, 2004; 2006; Nishiaki, 2010a,b; Azizi Kharanaghi et al., 2013; Weeks, 2006; 2013; Khanipour et al., 2021). Taking into account the rather long history of the Neolithic period studies in this site, there remain some unanswered questions. The most important of which is the problem of its chronology. The beginning of the Fars Neolithic period in Iran is not certain yet, the fact that how, when and from where the inhabitants of Neolithic populations entered Fars is not fully clear yet as well (Alizadeh, 2004: 75). 

Main Subjects

🔓 © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Tissaphernes Archaeological Research Group, Tehran, Iran. Open Access. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDeriv- atives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way. The ethical policy of Persica Antiqua is based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines and complies with International Committee of Persica Antiqua Editorial Board codes of conduct. Readers, authors, reviewers and editors should follow these ethical policies once working with Persica Antiqua. The ethical policy of Persica Antiqua is liable to determine which of the typical research papers or articles submitted to the journal should be published in the concerned issue. For information on this matter in publishing and ethical guidelines please visit

Alizadeh, A., (2004). The Origins of State Organizations in Prehistoric Fars, Translated by Rustaei K. Tehran: CHTOI and Parse- Passargad. [in Persian].
Alizadeh, A., (2006). The Origins of State Organizations in Prehistoric Highland Fars, Southern Iran, Oriental Institute Publications 128, Chicago.
Azizi Kharanaghi, H., Fazeli Nashli, H. and Nishiaki, Y., (2014). “The Second Season of Excavations at Tepe RahmatAbad, Southern Iran: The Absolute and Relative Chronology”. Ancient Near Eastern Studies 51: 1-32.
Azizi Kharanagi, M. H. and Khanipour, M., (2014). “New evidence from the Neolithic and Bakun period based on the Third Season of Archaeological Excavations at Tape Rahmat Abad, Pasargadae”, in, M. H. Azizi Kharanaghi, M. Khanipour and R. Naseri (Eds.), Proceedings of The International Congress of Young Archaeologists, Tehran, University of Tehran press: 67-86. [in Persian].
Azizi Kkaranaghi, M. H., Fazeli Nashli, H. and Nishiaki, Y., (2013). “Tepe Rahmatabad: a Pre-Pottery  and Pottery Neolithic Site in Fars Province”, In R. Matthews and H. Fazeli Nashli (eds.), Neolithisation of Iran –The Formation of New Societies, Oxford, Oxbow Books: 108–123.
Fukai S., Horiuchi, K. and Matsutani, T., (1973). Marv Dasht III: Excavations at Tall-I-Mushki, 1965 (Tokyo University Iraq-Iran Archaeological Expedition Reports 14), Tokyo, Institute of Oriental Culture of the University of Tokyo.
Khanipour, M., Niknami,  K., Abe, M., (2021). “Challenges of the Fars Neolithic Chronology: An Appraisal”. Radiocarbon, 63(2): 693-712.
Maeda, A., (1986). “A study on the painted pottery from Tepe Djari B”, Bulletin of the Ancient Orient Museum 8: 55–86.
Nishiaki, Y., (2010b). “The development of architecture and pottery at the Neolithic settlement of Tall-i Jari B, Marv Dasht, southwest Iran”, AMIT 42: 113-127.
Nishiaki, Y., (2010a). “A radiocarbon chronology of the Neolithic settlement of Tall-i Mushki, Marv Dasht plain, Fars, Iran”, Iran 48: 1–10.
Sumner, W. M., (1972). Cultural Development in the Kur River Basin, Iran. An Archaeological Analysis of Settlement Patterns. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Pennsylvania.
Sumner, W. M., (1977). “Early settlements in Fars province, Iran”, In L. D. Levine and T. C. Young (eds.), Mountains and Lowlands: Essays in the Archaeology of Greater Mesopotamia. Biblioteca Mesopotamica, Vol. 7 (Malibu 1977): 291–305.
Vanden Berghe, L., (1951–52). “Archaeologische opzoekingen in de Marv Dasht vlakte (Iran)”, Jaarbericht Ex Oriente Lux 12: 211–220.
Vanden Berghe, L., (1953–54). “Archaeologische navorsingen in de omstreken van Persepolis”, Jaarbericht Ex Oriente Lux 13: 394–408.
Weeks, L., (2013). “The Neolithisation of Fars, Iran”. In Neolithisation of Iran,The Formation of New Societies, R. Matthews and H. Fazeli Nashli (eds.), Oxford, Oxbow Books: 97–107.
Weeks, L. R., Alizadeh, K., Niakan, L., Alamdari, K., Khosrowzadeh, A., McCall, B. and Zeidi, M., (2006). “The Neolithic settlement of Highland SW Iran: new evidence from the Mamasani district”, Iran 44: 1–32.